Water Bodies


Lakes are expanses of water, generally calm, which fill up hollows of the Earth. Their appearance depends on the different ways in which they began. The water of a lake can be fed by underground streams or from a river which enters into the lake as intake and cannot escape as outtake.
For instance, lakes can fill the craters of extinct volcanoes.

Form of Lakes

The form of a lake depends on its origin.

Volcanic lakes are small and have the circular shape of craters.

Glacial lakes which are formed in high regions are have circular shape.
Those which have a thin, long shape are found in valleys.

Coastal lakes are parallel to the coast and are formed when the sand holds back the water of a river as it flows towards the sea.

What How Why

How is the height of a mountain measured?

To measure the height of mountain, the surface of the sea is taken as the point of reference. The height of the mountain is the distance between the top of the mountain and the surface of the sea.

Artificial Lakes

Large quantities of water can be collected in an artificial lake.
The water can be then converted to power hydroelectric stations, irrigation plants and water distribution systems in built-up areas.