Effects of Earthquakes


Shaking and ground rupture are the main effects created by earthquakes, principally resulting in more or less severe damage to buildings and other rigid structures. When the ground shakes, buildings respond to the accelerations transmitted from the ground through the structure's foundation.

source: YouTube.

Severe tremors and resultant vibrations caused by earthquakes result in the deformation of ground surface because of rise and subsidence of ground surface and faulting activity.


The shocks produced by earthquakes particularly in hilly areas and mountains which are tectonically sensitive causes landslides and debris fall on human settlements and transport system on the lower slope segments, inflicting damage to them.
Landslide danger may persist while emergency personnel are attempting rescue.

source: YouTube

What How Why

How is the height of a mountain measured?

To measure the height of mountain, the surface of the sea is taken as the point of reference. The height of the mountain is the distance between the top of the mountain and the surface of the sea.

Deep inside the Earth is the nucleus, or core. The outer part of the nucleus consists of....... read more.