Effects of Earthquakes
Shaking and ground rupture are the main effects created by earthquakes, principally resulting in more or less severe damage to buildings and other rigid structures. When the ground shakes, buildings respond to the accelerations transmitted from the ground through the structure's foundation.
Severe tremors and resultant vibrations caused by earthquakes result in the deformation of ground surface because of rise and subsidence of ground surface and faulting activity.
The shocks produced by earthquakes particularly in hilly areas and mountains which are tectonically sensitive causes landslides and debris fall on human settlements and transport system on the lower slope segments, inflicting damage to them.
Landslide danger may persist while emergency personnel are attempting rescue.